Cappadocia region is the most beautiful place where nature and history meet in the world While geographical events formed the Fairy Chimneys, during history process, people carried the marks of thousand- year- old civilizations today by carving houses and churches inside the chimney rocks and by adorning these with fresco.
Strabon, describes the borders of the Cappadocian Region, in his 17-volume book ‘Geographika’ (Anatolia XII, XIII, XIVI) written during the reign of Roman Emperor Augustus as Taurus Mountains in the south, Aksaray in the west, Malatya in the east and Black Sea coast in the north.
In the present day, Cappadocia area covers the city provinces of Nevşehir, Aksaray, Niğde, Kayseri and Kırşehir. The smaller rocky region of Cappadocia is the area around Uçhisar, Ürgüp, Avanos, Göreme, Derinkuyu, Kaymaklı, Ihlara valley and surroundings.
Traditional Cappadocian houses and dovecotes carved into the stones expresses the uniqueness of the region. These houses were constructed in the 19th century at the foot of the mountain using rocks or cut stone.
Rock, which is the only architectural material of the region, can be processed very easily since it is very soft after quarrying due to the volcanic structure, but after contact with air, it hardens and turns into a very strong construction material. Due to being plentiful and easy to process, regional stonemasonry has developed and turned into an architectural tradition. Materials of both the courtyard or house doors are made from wood.
Upper parts of the arched doors are decorated with stylized ivy or rosette motifs. Dovecotes within the region are small structures constructed within 18th century and the end of 19th century. Some of the dovecotes, which were important in showing Islamic art were constructed on monasteries or churches. Surfaces of dovecotes are decorated with rich inscriptions and adornments by regional artists.